Ecosystem Services


Nature provides a full suite of goods and services that are vital to human health and livelihood.

Business development at Bio-Logical Capital begins by recognizing and responding to all the ways nature adds value to our society and economy. As natural resources become more constrained, our economic system is rewarding investment in cleaner air, improved water quality, restored wetlands, and enhanced wildlife habitat.

We connect these products to established and emerging markets that can deliver strong and lasting returns. We then reinvest a portion of our profits to enhance the health of the land so that our businesses support the source of their success. This approach enhances the value of the lands we own and care for, and results in consistent earnings and returns over time.


Provides fresh water

Thick soils, strong forests, and healthy wetlands purify and store water. They also allow surface water to filter into aquifers and recharge human water supplies. Our Stewardship Development approach builds soil, protects forests, and enhances wetlands, thereby helping to ensure the long-term availability of fresh, clean water.

Removes pollutants from the air

Healthy land with growing trees, plants, and grasses filters dust, chemicals, and harmful gases out of the air and atmosphere. By protecting natural land and promoting healthy ecosystems, Bio-Logical Capital’s projects help nature keep the air clean.

Boosts agricultural production through pollination and pest control

Natural areas provide a bank of plant, animal, and insect life that helps nourish and pollinate food crops on agricultural land. Our business model incorporates protection of natural areas to boost agricultural production and provide alternatives to harmful, expensive chemical fertilizers and pesticides.

Produces abundant fish and game

Healthy ecosystems support an abundance of wild food sources – spawning salmon, herds of elk and deer, beds of shellfish, and more. These are prized delicacies around the world and comprise a major food source for many rural and subsistence communities.

Offers aesthetic and recreational opportunity

People are physically and emotionally renewed by positive experiences with nature. A mountaintop hike, swim across a lake, or picnic under the trees all provide the type of relaxation people are eager for and want to safeguard for future generations.


Land conservation

Every year public and private agencies spend billions of dollars to protect land through outright purchase and use of conservation easements. Owners of environmentally important lands have a unique opportunity to be compensated for giving up rights to develop or otherwise impact natural assets on their land, while retaining ownership and the opportunity to use the land for other business purposes.

Endangered species offsets

For certain threatened and endangered species, companies are required to offset any habitat disturbance they create through the protection or creation of similar habitat in a nearby area. Landowners with valuable habitat who are engaged in the restoration of habitat can be paid for the services their land provides toward this goal.

Water quality trading and protection payments

Clean and abundant drinking water is important for both human needs and wildlife habitat. A number of markets have been established to protect water quality and supplies by compensating individuals and businesses that better safeguard, conserve, or restore sources of fresh water.

Wetlands banking and mitigation

Wetlands are important habitat and natural filtration systems for water. Development activities that disturb wetlands frequently must compensate for their disturbance by protecting wetlands or constructing new wetlands in the same area. Landowners can build wetland banks on their land and sell the value of these wetlands to developers in their region.

Carbon offsets

There is widespread acknowledgement around the world that greenhouse gases, particularly carbon dioxide, harm the environment and should be limited. Corporations regulated by governments and individuals or companies acting of their own philanthropy will often pay to use the forests and other vegetation on private lands as a sink to capture greenhouse gases before they are released into our atmosphere.

We expect more markets in the future

Because environmental markets are still in their infancy, it is highly likely that the future will usher in other markets and opportunities to capitalize on nature’s services. For example, some future possibilities may include nutrient markets or pollution/emissions markets. As new opportunities emerge, Bio-Logical Capital’s unique approach to business development will position us well to participate in these emerging markets.

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